Mathematics is much more than computation problems, equations, and word problems. Mathematics is a way of thinking and exploring. Mathematics is a language that helps us communicate about our world. Most important, mathematics is a tool that we all use in our daily lives to solve practical and abstract problems.
A major goal for students today is to learn mathematics with understanding, the same as the goal you have for your child when reading. Not only do you want your child to be able to pronounce and decode words, but you want your child to be able to comprehend what he or she reads. Doing so involves a much higher level of thinking than simply decoding a word. Learning mathematics with understanding is essentially the same thing. No matter how well your child can perform calculations, this ability is not very useful if he or she does not know how to apply these skills. The goal is for your child to develop a lifelong understanding of mathematics that is useful both at home and in the workplace.
What Happens During Math Instruction? -- Find out what happens during our 60 minute math time and how your child is graded.
If you have a child who loves math, these are some books that I've used with gifted math students.